With the advent of Green Revolution in the 1960's, there was a marked shift in the attitude of the farmers towards adopting "Modern Technology" and shunning the Cattle. Tractors replaced oxen and chemical pesticides replaced cow based manure. Four Decades of practicing this conscious-less farming depleted land fertility, destroyed the environment and above all increased the input costs to such a level that farmers had to borrow money from all and sundry at high terms that couldn't really be paid back owing the land's depleted output levels.
Result: Over a 1.5 lakh farmers have taken their own lives out of sheer desperation !
The spate of suicides has gone unabated over a last decade and a half with the successive government's not doing anything to come to the farmers's rescue.
How do you solve this problem?
A COW can come to a farmer's rescue. Yes, it's a humble COW!Read on.....
Joys of Cow Based Farming
Indian agriculture has variety. There is no farm-product that we don’t cultivate. Our land grows all kinds of grains, pulses, vegetables, fruits, flowers, cotton and silk.
About 70% of our population has embraced agriculture as profession. Majority of them are small farmers, owning one or two acres of land.
Our agricultural landscape is diverse and vivid – in land topology, soil type and quality, irrigation method and frequency of harvesting.
Cattle are integral part of this huge canvas of agriculture. We use oxen to plough, to pick and move harvested crops, in irrigation, cow manure as fertiliser, and cow urine as insecticide.
- In our country with small holdings and small scale farming, there is no better alternative to employing cattle in farming.
- While ploughing, the oxen stride with gentle gait, not harming the surface of the earth, unlike tractors.
- Even as they plough the land, the oxen defecate and urinate, fertilising the land.
- Cattle Manure : organic manure, green leaf manure, earth-worms, and slurry manure with cattle manure bond with the nature and make the land fertile. They do not create the challenge of chemical waste.
- 99% of the insects in nature are beneficial to the system. Insecticides prepared from cow urine or well fermented butter milk do not affect these helpful insects.
- Dung from one cow is adequate to fertilise 5 acres of land and its urine is can protect 10 acres of crop from insects.
- As per the Supreme Court, cow dung produced by one oxen can support a family for 4 years.
In the next post, we shall explore intelligent ways of marketing and distributing a famer's produce and eliminating the need of a Broker/Dalaali.