Monday, 17 September 2012

BARINDRA KUMAR GHOSH

Barindra Kumar Ghosh
Date of Birth:Jan 5, 1880
Date of Death:Apr 18, 1959
Place of Birth:Norwood
Barindra Kumar Ghosh was an Indian freedom fighter, revolutionary and journalist. He was one of the founder members of Jugantar, a revolutionary outfit in Bengal. Barindra Ghosh was born at Norwood near London on 5 January 1880. He was the younger brother of Aurobindo Ghosh. He did schooling in Deoghar and joined Patna College. He received military training in Baroda. During this time,(late 1800s - early 1900s) Barin was influenced by Aurobindo and drawn towards revolutionary movement. Barin came back to Kolkata and started organizing several revolutionary groups of Bengal with the help of Jatindranath Banerjee. Soon he started publishing Jugantar, a Bengali weekly and a revolutionary organization named Jugantar soon followed. Jugantar was formed from the inner circle of Anushilan Samiti and started its terrorist activities. Barin and Bagha Jatin were instrumental in the recruitment of many young revolutionaries from across Bengal. The revolutionaries formed of the Maniktala group in Maniktala, Kolkata - a secret place where they started manufacturing bombs and collected arms and ammunitions. Following the attempted killing of Kingsford by 2 revolutionaries Khudiram and Prafulla, police intensified investigation that led to the arrest of Barin Ghosh, along with many of his comrades. The trial - known as Alipore bomb case - sentenced Barin Ghosh for death. However, the sentence was reduced to life imprisonment and Barin was deported to the Cellular Jail in Andaman. Barin was released in 1920 and returned to Kolkata and started a carrer in journalism. Soon he left business and formed an ashram in Kolkata. In 1923 he left for Pondicherry where his elder brother Aurobindo Ghosh had the famous ashram. He was influenced by Aurobindo towards spirituality and sadhana. Barin returned to Kolkata on 1929 and again took to journalism. He was associated with the newspaper The Statesman and later was the editor of the Bengali daily Basumati. He died on 18 April 1959.

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