Jallianwalla Bagh is a place of renowned massacre under British Rule known as the Amritsar Massacre. This place is situated in the northern part of Indian city, Amritsar where, on April 13, 1919, British Indian Army soldiers under the command of Brigadier-General Reginald Dyer opened fire on unarmed Indian protesters, killing 379 of them and wounding many more.
On April 13, thousands of people gathered in Jallianwalla Bagh on Baisakhi. The firing lasted about 10 minutes and 1650 rounds were fired, or 33 rounds per soldier. The Bagh was surrounded by all sides by houses and buildings and had few narrow entrances, most of which were kept permanently locked. Only one narrow enterance is open. A group of 90 Indian Army soldiers marched to the park accompanied by two armoured cars. As the enterance is narrow the cars were unable to enter in Bagh, but troops entered the Bagh and started firing on unarmed gathering of men, women and children as per Brigadier-General Reginald Dyer orders. People start climbing the walls of the Bagh desperately and many of them jumped into a well inside the Bagh to escape from bullets. Hundreds of people were killed and thousands were wounded in this incident.
The Bagh is known as national monument. The bullet holes can be seen on the walls and adjoining buildings to this day. The well into which many people jumped and drowned attempting to save themselves from the hail of bullets is also a protected monument inside the park.