Monday, 28 January 2013

UN PEACEKEEPING IN BURUNDI

UN Mission in Burundi
 
UN Mission in Burundi (ONUB - Aug 2003 to Dec 2006)

Having determined that the situation in Burundi continued to constitute a threat to international peace and security in the region and acting under Chapter VII of the UN Charter, the Security Council, by its resolution 1545 of 21 May 2004, decided to establish the United Nations Operation in Burundi (ONUB) in order to support and help to implement the efforts undertaken by Burundians to restore lasting peace and bring about national reconciliation, as provided under the Arusha Agreement.
ONUB successfully completed its mandate on 31 December 2006. It was succeeded by the United Nations Integrated Office in Burundi (BINUB), established by Security Council resolution 1719 of 25 October 2006. Indian Army had deployed 08 Military Observers in ONUB.
UN Mission in Ivory Coast (UNOCI - Jan 2004 to date)
Cote D’Ivoire is a former French colony sit in West Africa. It is bordered by Liberia in the West, Burkina Faso in the North and Ghana in the East. The civil war erupted in Sep 2002 when rebel forces (Forces Nouvelle) attacked Govt forces (Forces Armees Nationale Cote D’Ivoire, FANCI) and captured Northern half of the country. Ceasefire agreement, brokered by the ECOWAS, was signed in Oct 02. It was followed by a Comprehensive Peace Agreement signed between all Ivorian parties at Linas Marcoussis in France in Jan 2003. The agreement provided for establishment of a Government of National Reconciliation, DDR of armed militias and conduct of democratic elections in year 2005. UN authorised deployment of 4000 French troops and 1400 ECOWAS troops for implementation of the peace agreement vide Security Council Resolution in Feb 2003. To further support the peace process UN deployed a Peacekeeping Force under terms of a relevant Security Council Resolution, passed in end Feb 2004. The force comprises a total of 6,240 personnel, consisting of two Infantry Brigade Groups and sp units/sub units
Except for some turbulence in 2003 and 2006; security situation has been relatively stable. The Government of National Reconciliation, after initial dithering, appears committed to fulfilling its obligations and all parties appear eager for peace. Timely deployment of the peacekeeping force has enhanced security in the region and deterred any resurgence of widespread fighting.
Indian Army is contributing 08 Military Observers in UNOCI since Jan 2004.

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